Affray is both a statutory and The part of English law traditionally based on common custom and being unwritten. Law which is not equity (q.v.), statute (q.v.), ecclesiastical (church), or civil (i.e. Roman). offence.
In both cases, the The party (q.v.) presenting evidence against the person accused of committing a crime. must prove that there was fighting or violence used by one or more people against another or other people, or an unlawful display of force, and this might cause a reasonable bystander to be terrified.
The statutory offence attracts a 5 year maximum prison sentence, or 7 years if the person is wearing face concealment and the purpose of the concealment is to hide their identity or prevent the person being impacted by crowd control substances: section 195H Crimes Act 1958 (Vic).