Postering and graffiti
Posters, stickers, graffiti or stencils are common forms of political expression and activist methods of community media, education or promotion.
Be mindful, if you are caught in the act or on CCTV, police may charge you with damage to property offences.
Police may request that you pull down posters, instead of charging you, and private security patrols around private buildings who spot posterers at work may give chase and make arrests.
Also see Private security guards.
When distributing information, consider the consequences of where you are putting the materialRelevant or important; information which may influence a decision..
Note that the person who organises the printing, as well as the person who letterboxes or posters, can be found guilty of an offence under the Environment Protection Act 1970 (Vic).
It is an offence to post placards, bills, stickers or other documents, or to write, paint on or deface virtually any structure, including trees and gates, without the consentAgreement to an action or arrangement. See also: informed consent. of the owner (s.45O EPA Act and s.10 Summary Offences Act 1966 (Vic)).
It is up to you to prove that you had the consentAgreement to an action or arrangement. See also: informed consent. of the owner, occupier or manager of the building.
The maximum penalty under the Summary Offences Act s10 (posting bills and defacing property) is 15 penalty units or 3 months in jail – the actual penalty will depend on the circumstances.
You could also be charged with property damage.
Under the EPA Act s 115, the maximum penalty is 20 penalty units for an individual (and 100 for a body corporate). In addition to a fine you can be ordered to pay clean-up costs.
Additional restrictions apply to the publication of election materials.
For federal elections, the Commonwealth Electoral Act1918 (s.328) makes it an offence to print, publish or distribute an electoral advertisement, handbill, pamphlet, poster or notice unless the name and address of the person who authorised the printed materialRelevant or important; information which may influence a decision. and the name and place of business of the printer appear.
The maximum penalty for an individual is $1000 and for an organisation $5000. This section applies broadly, even where materials are not produced by political parties. Similar rules apply to state and local government elections.
While the usual penalty for graffiti is a fine (and sometimes the cost of cleaning or repainting the wall), depending on the value of the damage caused, you could be charged with criminal damage under section 197 of the Crimes Act 1958 (Vic) or willful damage under section 9(1)(c) of the Summary Offences Act 1966 (Vic).
It can be difficult to predict what the penalty might be because every case is different.
For example, the people charged with painting the words NO WAR on the Sydney Opera House received a prison sentence and a huge clean up bill of over $150,000.
Seek legal advice if you are unsure what sort of penalty you might face.
Also see Property damage for more information on these offences.